Liposuction is a procedure including removal of fat (aspiration) from various parts of body. Purpose of liposuction is removal of permanent fats or fats from hard regions of body. Most frequently treated areas of body with liposuction are belly, waist, thigh, hip, back, arms and neck region.
Who are eligible candidates for liposuction?
Although liposuction is a very effective method to remove fat accumulation which are hard to lose or permanent, it is not designed to be a tool for losing weight. People with stable weight and normal body mass index (BMI) are ideal candidates for liposuction.
Additionally, skin quality has a direct effect on the success of procedure. An ideal candidate should have minimum level of stretch marks, minimum skin sagginess or excess and a good skin quality. Patients without good skin quality may not benefit from this procedure, however, may be a candidate for other procedures (belly, tight and arm lifting).
What are the purposes of liposuction surgery?
Liposuction would help improving body contour by removing excess fat accumulation with a healthy life style.
What is done during liposuction surgery?
Liposuction is generally operated with general anesthesia or with sedation in some cases. It takes around 1-3 hours depending on the region to be operated. During the surgery, prepared liquid is given to the aimed regions. Therefore, it gets easier to remove fats as well as reducing pain and bleeding. By using metal cannula, fats in these regions are removed and contour is provided with the skin and fat tissue left.
Where will the scars remain?
Liposuction is made from more than one small (4 or 5 mm) cuts which give the possibility to position scars in unnoticeable points while carrying the contour to the top level by maximum fat removal. These cuts usually recover very well with the scar.
How is the recovery period? How long resting is needed? When can you continue exercising?
After the operation, patient is usually discharged in the same day or the day after. The point to pay attention is that your doctor will give you detailed information about medicines to be used and activities to be done.
For a comfortable post-surgery period and good results, it would be better to rest after the procedure. There can be ache and pain in stitched areas responding to medicine during first couple of days after the surgery. There may be swelling and bruises in surgical area after the surgery. It would recover by itself in days. It would be appropriate to use corset for a couple of weeks after the surgery in order to help reduce swelling and bruises. The bruises remain usually 2 or 3 weeks. Most of the patients can start light activities like walking in a couple of days and go back to work within 1 week. During the recovery period, tiring physical activities should be avoided for 4 weeks after the surgery.
What are the complications of the surgery?
There is swelling and bruises after the surgery and this is normal. In time, these problems will recover. At the beginning, there may be weight gain due to water and liquid retention. There may be pain in belly muscle area and injury areas. During the first examination, your doctor will give you detailed information about potential risks. Liposuction complications are rare as in other cosmetic procedures, and there can be scars, asymmetry, contour irregularities, bleeding, infection, swelling, numbness and embolus at leg. These situations may require additional surgical operations.
When will we see the absolute results of the surgery?
The results of the surgery will be seen right after the procedure and as the swellings are reduced, recovery will continue. Small amount of these swellings may continue for 6 months after the surgery. Final contour results as well as scar quality requires at least 6-12 months after the surgery.